How Can Pregnancy Be Affected by Uterine Fibroids
A non-cancerous growth in a woman's uterus is called a uterine fibroid, often referred to as a myomas or leiomyomas (womb). During a woman's reproductive years, uterine fibroids often develop. These tumors have the potential to develop alone, in groups, or attach themselves to the uterine wall. They are composed of smooth muscle cells that either adhere to the uterine wall or develop inside the uterus. Also referred to as leiomyomas or myomas, uterine fibroids are associated with a higher risk of uterine cancer. They almost seldom turn into cancer, though. Uterine fibroids represent the most prevalent type of uterine tumors and may cause heavy menstrual flow, pelvic discomfort, and frequent urination. The 40s and early 50s are the most susceptible age groups for women to develop uterine fibroids. Uterine sarcoma is an uncommon kind of cancer that can result from it. Fibroid sizes vary. The size of uterine fibroids ranges from tiny seedlings to enormous masses that can expand and deform the uterus as a whole. In severe situations, the uterus may grow and enlarge many fibroids to the point that it touches the rib cage. It may potentially increase the mass. Uterine fibroids are common in women. Every year, around a million women in India alone are diagnosed with uterine fibroids. However, the majority of patients are unaware that they have uterine fibroids. It's because fibroids frequently don't produce any symptoms. Usually, fibroids are discovered by accident by the doctor when doing an ultrasound or pelvic exam. Strong stomach discomfort, heavy menstrual flow, pelvic pain, frequent urination urges, or painful sex are all possible symptoms of fibroids. The existence of uterine fibroids can only be detected by ultrasound, as many women may not exhibit any symptoms. (Also Read Uterine fibroids Causes)
- Subserosal fibroids Fibroid growth that occurs on the uterine exterior.
- Submucosal fibroids These are uterine fibroids, meaning they develop underneath the endometrium.
- Intramural fibroids Refers to fibroids that develop within the wall of the uterus.
- Pedunculated fibroids When the growth occurs within the uterus cavity, on the surface of the uterus, or on little stalks.
- Fetal growth restriction Because a large fibroid takes up less space in the uterus, it can limit a baby from expanding to its full potential.
- Placental abruption This occurs when the placenta separates from the uterine wall following the fibroid's obstruction. This depletes the fetus of essential nutrients and oxygen.
- Preterm delivery Uterine contractions brought on by pain from uterine fibroids may cause an early birth.
- Cesarean section It has happened. According to estimations, women who have fibroids are six times more likely than women without these fibroids to require a cesarean birth, or C-section.
- Breech position The infant may be in the breech position for vaginal birth as a result of the aberrant form of the cavity.
- Miscarriage According to research, women with fibroids have twice the risk of miscarrying a child.
- Sperm entry into the uterus may be blocked or reduced by fibroids that are present close to the cervix.
- The implantation of the fertilized egg into the uterus may be hindered if fibroids develop in the vicinity of the fallopian tube aperture within the uterus.
- When submucosal fibroids form inside the uterus, they take up space, which reduces the amount of room available for the zygote and hinders the child's natural growth.
- When fibroids grow in clusters, the uterus's blood flow is disrupted, which can cause miscarriages since the uterus thickens and maintains the pregnancy.