Understanding Angiography: A Comprehensive Guide

A medical imaging method called angiography has completely changed how doctors identify and manage a wide range of vascular and cardiovascular diseases. With any luck, this thorough guide will help you better understand the complicated nature of angiography a vital medical treatment.

What Is Angiography?

Angiography, also known as arteriography, is a diagnostic imaging method that analyzes blood flow throughout the body by seeing the blood arteries. It is mostly used to detect blockages, aneurysms, or other anomalies in the arteries and veins that comprise the blood vessels. This method is crucial in identifying a variety of illnesses, such as peripheral vascular disease, aneurysms, and coronary artery disease.

The Angiography Procedure

During an angiography, a contrast agent—typically iodine—is injected into the blood arteries to highlight them on X-ray pictures.

There are several ways to carry out the process, including:

  • Catheter Angiography: This is the most common method. A catheter is threaded through the vascular system to the location of interest after being put into an artery or vein, often in the groin. Real-time X-ray pictures are taken after the catheter is used to inject contrast dye.
  • CT Angiography: After injecting contrast material into a vein, a computed tomography (CT) scanner is used to provide precise cross-sectional pictures of blood arteries.
  • MRI Angiography: Without the need for X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may provide incredibly detailed pictures of blood arteries. You can apply contrast material to improve visibility.
  • Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA): a specific kind of X-ray where blood vessel visibility is improved by digitally subtracting pictures of bone and tissue.
When Is Angiography Used?

A great method for identifying and treating a variety of illnesses is angiography, which includes:

  • Coronary Artery Disease: To identify blockages and assess coronary artery blood flow.
  • Aneurysms: To assess the location and size of these weak spots in the walls of blood vessels.
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease: To locate constricted and blocked sections of the peripheral arteries, frequently in the legs.
  • Stroke: To identify and evaluate anomalies in the blood arteries of the brain.
  • Pulmonary Embolism: Finding blood clots in the pulmonary arteries is the goal of pulmonary embolism.
  • Kidney Artery Disease: Diagnosing blockages or narrowing of the arteries supplying the kidneys is known as renal artery disease.
Risks and Considerations

Angiography is a useful diagnostic method, however there are hazards involved. Allergies to the contrast substance, kidney damage in those who already have renal issues, and blood vessel damage or infection at the catheter insertion site are a few possible side effects. Nonetheless, the advantages of a prompt diagnosis and action frequently exceed the possible disadvantages.

What is angiography and angioplasty cost in india?

The cost of angiography and angioplasty in india ranging from Rs. 120000 to Rs. 200000.