Valve Replacement Surgery: What You Need to Know

Valve replacement surgery is a procedure that aims to treat heart valve disease, a condition that affects the proper functioning of the heart valves. This innovative surgical procedure has revolutionized the treatment of heart valve diseases, ensuring better outcomes and improved quality of life for patients. In this article, we will delve into the details of valve replacement surgery, including the types of replacement valves available, the procedure itself, and the recovery process.

What is heart valve replacement surgery ?

Before we explore valve replacement surgery, let's first understand heart valve disease. The heart consists of four valves that regulate blood flow in and out of the heart chambers. When these valves are damaged or diseased, they may not open or close properly, leading to various complications. Common causes of heart valve disease include congenital defects, infections, and age-related degeneration.

What is valve replacement surgery called ?

There are two main types of replacement valves used in valve replacement surgery: mechanical valves and biological valves.

Mechanical Valves

Mechanical valves are made of durable materials, such as metal or carbon. They are designed to last for a long time and provide excellent durability. However, due to their artificial nature, patients with mechanical valves need to take blood thinners for the rest of their lives to prevent blood clots.

Biological Valves

Biological valves, also known as tissue valves, are harvested from animal or human donors. They are less durable than mechanical valves but do not require long-term use of blood thinners. Biological valves are a popular choice for older patients or those who cannot tolerate blood thinners.

The valve replacement surgery and bypass Procedure

Valve replacement surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia and involves several key steps:

  • Incision: The surgeon makes an incision in the chest, exposing the heart.
  • Cardiopulmonary Bypass: The patient's blood is rerouted to a heart-lung machine, which takes over the function of the heart and lungs during the surgery.
  • Valve Removal: The damaged or diseased valve is carefully removed from the heart.
  • Valve Replacement: The new valve, either mechanical or biological, is securely attached to the heart.
  • Closing Incision: The surgeon closes the incision in the chest using sutures or staples.
How long does valve replacement surgery last and Rehabilitation ?

After valve replacement surgery, the patient is closely monitored in the intensive care unit (ICU) for a few days. Once stable, they are transferred to a regular hospital room where their recovery continues. The length of the hospital stay varies depending on individual circumstances.

Rehabilitation plays a crucial role in the recovery process. Physical therapy and gradual exercise programs help restore strength and endurance. It is essential for patients to follow their healthcare provider's instructions regarding medication, lifestyle changes, and regular check-ups.


Valve replacement surgery is a life-changing procedure that offers hope and improved quality of life for individuals with heart valve disease. By understanding the different types of replacement valves available, the surgical procedure itself, and the importance of post-surgery rehabilitation, patients can approach the process with confidence and optimism. If you or a loved one are facing heart valve disease, consult with a qualified healthcare professional to explore the best treatment options available.

Remember, valve replacement surgery is a complex procedure that requires careful consideration by a medical expert. Ensure you receive personalized advice tailored to your specific needs before making any decisions.