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Best Cervical Cancer Treatment In India

Related By Oncology, Cancer Care

Cervical cancer treatment is sought by many women globally for a healthier and happier life. Want to go for cervical cancer treatment and searching for the right healthcare provider? Find trusted oncogenic specialists who offer cervical cancer treatment by stage at Ace Medicare! 

#Cervical Cancer Treatment CostAverage PricePrice
1How much does a surgery cost in India?284160.00210000.00 - 300000.00

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Cervical Cancer

What exactly is cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer, also known as cervical dysplasia, originates on the surface of your cervix. It occurs when the cells on your cervix start to transform into precancerous cells. Although not all precancerous cells progress to malignancy, identifying these cells and treating them before they become cancerous is crucial to preventing cervical cancer.

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer types

Cervical cancer is classified into two types:

  • Squamous cell carcinomas and basal cell carcinomas: Squamous cell carcinomas arise due to long-term infection with certain high-risk strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), particularly HPV types 16 and 18. The early stages of cervical SCC aren’t usually noticeable, which is why regular cervical cancer screening, such as Pap tests or HPV tests become imperative for early detection.As the cancer develops, symptoms may include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, unusual vaginal discharge, etc. Cervical cancer treatment options for SCC include surgical intervention (such as a hysterectomy), radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these approaches. The specific treatment plan is determined by the healthcare provider based on various factors, including the extent of the cancer, the patient's overall health, and their desire for future fertility. Regular cervical cancer screenings, HPV vaccination, and safe sexual practices are important preventive measures to reduce the risk of developing cervical SCC along with the suggested treatment irrespective of the cervical cancer treatment cost. 
  • Adenocarcinomas: Adenocarcinoma is another type of cervical cancer that develops in the glandular cells of the cervix. These glandular cells produce mucus and are located in the lining of the cervical canal, as opposed to the squamous cells that line the outer surface of the cervix. Adenocarcinoma accounts for approximately 10% to 20% of all cervical cancer cases. It is less common than squamous cell carcinoma but has been increasing in incidence in recent years.Adenocarcinoma of the cervix is also associated with certain strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), especially HPV types 16 and 18. Persistent infection with these high-risk HPV strains can lead to changes in the glandular cells of the cervix, eventually resulting in the development of adenocarcinoma. The symptoms of adenocarcinoma of the cervix may be similar to those of squamous cell carcinoma and can include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, pain during sexual intercourse, or unusual vaginal discharge. However, like other types of cervical cancer, early-stage adenocarcinoma may not cause noticeable symptoms, which is why regular cervical cancer screenings are crucial for early detection.
  • Cervical cancer treatment for Adenocarcinoma depend on the stage of the oncogenic malignancy.

Squamous cell carcinomas account for 80% to 90% of cervical malignancies, with adenocarcinomas accounting for 10% to 20%.

Cervical Cancer

What exactly is the cervix?

The cervix is the bottom of your uterus (where a baby grows during pregnancy). It resembles a doughnut and links your uterus to the entrance of your vagina. It is coated in cell-based tissues. These healthy cells are what can develop into precancer cells.

Cervical Cancer

What is the prevalence of cervical cancer?

Each year, around 14,000 people in the United States are diagnosed with cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is most commonly detected in people between the ages of 35 and 44. The typical diagnostic age is 50. Cervical cancer claims the lives of around 4,000 individuals each year. This incidence is decreasing as a result of screenings and the HPV vaccination.

Cervical Cancer

What are the most prevalent cervical cancer signs and symptoms?

Early stages of cervical cancer are frequently asymptomatic and difficult to diagnose. Cervical cancer symptoms may not appear for several years. The best strategy to avoid cervical cancer is to detect abnormal cells during cervical cancer exams.

  • The following are some of the signs and symptoms of stage 1 cervical cancer:
  • Watery or bloody vaginal discharge that may be thick and odorous.
  • Vaginal bleeding during sexual activity, between menstrual cycles, or after menopause.
  • Periods may be heavier and continue longer than usual.
  • Symptoms of cancer spreading to surrounding tissues or organs may include:
  • Urination that is difficult or painful, occasionally with blood in the pee.
  • Diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, or bleeding When pooping, use your rectum.
  • Fatigue, weight loss, and loss of appetite.
  • A widespread sense of sickness.
  • A dull backache or leg swelling.
  • Pelvic/abdominal discomfort.
  • If you have irregular bleeding, vaginal discharge, or any other unexplained symptoms, you should have a full gynaecological checkup, including a Pap test.

Cervical Cancer

What is the cause of cervical cancer?

The virus HPV, which is transmitted sexually, is responsible for the majority of cervical malignancies. HPV is transmitted by sexual contact (oral, anal, or vaginal) and can cause cancer. The majority of people will get HPV at some point in their life and be unaware of it because their bodies will battle the illness. However, if your body does not fight the infection, the cells in your cervix might become malignant.
Cervical cancer and HPV

There are about 100 different types of HPV, and roughly a dozen of them have been linked to cancer. The early diagnosis of various forms of HPV is critical in the prevention of cervical cancer. Regular checkups with your doctor can help detect cell changes before they become serious. cancer. By protecting you against the HPV that causes up to 90% of all cervical malignancies, the HPV vaccination can help prevent HPV infection.

Cervical Cancer

How does cervical cancer discomfort feel?

Cervical cancer pain may not feel like much in the early stages of the disease, if at all. As cancer spreads to adjacent tissues and organs, you may suffer pelvic discomfort or difficulty urinating. Others may feel generally bad, weary, or lose their appetite.

Cervical Cancer

How is cervical cancer identified?

Cervical cancer grows slowly and over a long period of time. The cells in your cervix go through a variety of changes before they become cancerous. Cells in your cervix that were formerly normal begin to seem irregular or aberrant. These aberrant cells may disappear, remain unchanged, or develop into cancer cells.
Most incidences of cervical cancer can be detected with regular gynecological exams using a Pap test. A Pap test, often known as a Pap smear, is a test that gathers cells from the cervix. These cells are investigated for precancers or other abnormalities.
If your Pap test results are abnormal, more testing is required. This might involve an HPV test, which is a particular test that looks for HPV in your cervix cells. infection with HPV. Cervical cancer has been linked to specific forms of HPV infection.
If your healthcare professional suspects you have cancer, they may inspect your cervix and obtain a tissue sample for a biopsy. Many procedures, such as punch biopsies or endocervical curettage, can be performed to extract the tissue. In some circumstances, a wire loop or conization is employed to collect cervix samples for biopsy.

Cervical Cancer

What tests are available to detect cervical cancer?

The Pap test and the HPV test are used to identify cervical cancer. These cervical cancer tests can detect abnormal or troublesome cells in their early stages, before they can develop into cancer. Cervical cancer is extremely curable and less likely to progress if these cells are discovered early.
Your healthcare professional collects cells for Pap and HPV testing by swabbing or scraping your cervix with a brush. You recline on an exam table, your feet in stirrups (like during a pelvic exam). A speculum is placed in your vagina (this opens up your vagina). The cells are placed in a liquid after the swab is obtained.

Cervical Cancer

What are the different stages of cervical cancer?

To predict the course of cervical cancer treatment, understanding the stage of the cancer is vital. Cervical cancer stages proceed as follows:

Stage I: Cancer is exclusively discovered in the cervix. It has not spread and is rather modest.
Cancer has progressed beyond your cervix and uterus but has not yet spread to your pelvic wall (the tissues that border the area between your hips) or vagina.

Stage II: At this stage, cancer has spread beyond the cervix but not to the pelvic sidewall or lower third of the vagina.

  • Stage IIA: The cancer has spread to the upper two-thirds of the vagina but not to the tissue next to the uterus.
  • Stage IIB: The cancer has spread to the tissue next to the uterus or has caused kidney problems (hydronephrosis) or both.

Stage III: In stage III, cancer has gone to the bottom portion of your vagina and may have spread to your pelvic wall, ureters (tubes that deliver urine), and adjacent lymph nodes.

Stage IV: In Stage IV, cancer has progressed to your bladder, rectum, or other regions of your body, such as your bones or lungs.

Cervical Cancer

Are routine pelvic examinations required?

Sometimes. You and your healthcare practitioner can determine whether or not you require a pelvic exam. Years have passed since your last cervical cancer screening. This is determined by your medical history and sexual activity.

It is still vital to arrange routine care visits with your healthcare physician to address your sexual health and other reproductive health problems. If you are sexually active and under the age of 25, you should get yearly chlamydia and gonorrhoea screenings. A clinical breast exam may also aid in the detection of lumps in your breasts.

Cervical Cancer

What is the treatment for cervical cancer?

A gynecologic oncologist is part of the cervical cancer treatment team (a doctor who specializes in cancers of female reproductive organs).  Cervical cancer treatment depends on a variety of criteria, including the stage of the illness, your age and general health, and whether or not you intend to have children in the future.

  • Cervical cancer is treated with radiation, chemotherapy, surgery, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy.
  • Radiation therapy employs the utilisation of radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells on your cervix.

Radiation treatment is classified into two types:

External beam radiation (EBRT): A machine outside your body fires high-powered radiation at cancer.

Brachytherapy: Radiation is delivered to or near the cancer.

Chemotherapy (chemo) employs chemicals that are either injected into your veins or ingested orally. to eliminate cancer cells. It enters your bloodstream and is capable of harming cells throughout your body. Chemotherapy involves the use of numerous medications, which can be combined. Chemotherapy is frequently administered in cycles. The length of the cycle and the schedule or frequency of chemotherapy vary according to the medicine employed and the location of the tumor.

Cervical cancer is treated with many types of surgery. The following are some of the most prevalent types of cervical

Cancer surgery:

  • Laser surgery: A laser beam is used to burn out cancer cells in this operation.
  • Cryosurgery: This procedure involves freezing cancer cells.
  • Cone biopsy: A cervical biopsy in which a cone-shaped piece of tissue is taken.
  • Simple hysterectomy: This procedure involves the removal of the uterus.f your uterus but not the tissue around it. Your pelvic and vaginal lymph nodes are not removed.
The uterus, surrounding tissue termed the parametrium, your cervix, a little amount of the upper part of your vagina, and lymph nodes from your pelvis are all removed during a radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection.
Trachelectomy removes your cervix and the top section of your vagina but not your uterus.
Pelvic exenteration is similar to a radical hysterectomy, but it also includes your bladder, vagina, rectum, and maybe a portion of your colon, depending on where the cancer has gone.
The illness is treatable in its early stages by removing the malignant tissue. In some circumstances, your doctor may perform a simple hysterectomy or a hysterectomy.

Immunotherapy is a treatment that utilises drugs to activate your immune system so that it can detect and eliminate cancer cells. Cancer cells can also send out a signal to avoid being targeted by your immune system. Immunotherapy helps to target these signals, preventing cancer cells from fooling your body into believing they are healthy cells.

Another therapy option is clinical trials. They are controlled research trials designed to evaluate novel cancer therapies. If you want to take part in a clinical study, talk to your oncologist.

Cervical Cancer

Who is at risk of developing cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is frequently connected to established risk factors for the illness. Some risk factors are avoidable, while others are not.

Some risk factors under your control include:

Screening history: Women who have not had Pap tests at regular intervals are more likely to develop cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer has been related to some kinds of HPV infection. Lowering your HPV risk can also reduce your chance of developing cervical cancer.

Sexual history: Having sexual relations before the age of 18 and having several sexual partners increases your chances of HPV infection and chlamydia. Preventing these disorders lowers your chances of developing cervical cancer.
Cigarette smoking is linked to an increased risk of cervical cancer.

HIV infection: Those who have been infected with HIV are at a greater risk of acquiring cervical cancer than the general population.

Birth control pills: long-term usage of oral contraceptives has been linked to an increased risk of cervical cancer.

Numerous children: Having three or more full-term pregnancies may raise your chances of acquiring cervical cancer.
Having a compromised immune system: A weakened immune system renders your body incapable of fighting illnesses.

Cervical Cancer

Is it possible to avoid cervical cancer?

There are certain steps you can take to protect yourself from cervical cancer. The most crucial actions in preventing cervical cancer are regular gynaecological checkups and Pap tests. You can also perform the following:

  • Obtain the HPV vaccination (if you are eligible).
  • When having sex, use condoms or other barrier devices.
  • Limit the number of sexual partners you have.
  • Stop using tobacco products and smoking.

Cervical Cancer

Does cervical cancer have an impact on fertility?

If your cervical cancer  has been treated, you can still become pregnant. cervical cancer treatment approaches, however, might have an effect on your capacity to conceive. Discuss the therapies for cervical cancer and your wish to get pregnant with your healthcare professional. They should be able to talk about the risks and adverse effects of cancer therapy on fertility.

Cervical Cancer

Will having cervical cancer influence my sexual life?

Cervical cancer can have an effect on your sexual life. People go through physical and mental changes during and after treatment for cervical cancer. Certain bodily changes, such as having your uterus or ovaries removed or experiencing vaginal dryness, might have an impact on sex. Sometimes it's the emotional side effects of cancer therapy that make a person feel unattractive or nervous. It's natural to be concerned about having sex after having cervical cancer. Discuss your feelings with your healthcare professional so that they can make the best treatment recommendations for you.


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