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Best Lung Transplant Treatment In India

Related By Organ Transplantation

A lung transplant is a surgical operation that involves replacing a damaged or failing lung with a healthy lung from a dead donor. People who have tried drugs or other therapies but whose illnesses have not improved sufficiently are candidates for a lung transplant.

A lung transplant may include replacing one or both of your lungs, depending on your medical condition. In certain cases, the lungs are transplanted alongside a donor heart.

While a lung transplant is a big surgery with numerous risks, it can significantly improve your health and quality of life.

Know what to expect from the lung transplant procedure, the operation itself, potential hazards, and follow-up treatment before making the choice to get a lung transplant.

#Lung Transplant Treatment CostAverage PricePrice
1How much does a surgery cost in India?1350000.001000000.00 - 1800000.00

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Lung Transplant

About Lung Transplant

A lung transplant is a surgical procedure to replace a diseased or failing lung with a healthy lung from another person, Most lungs that are transplanted come from a deceased organ donor, and this type of transplant is called a cadaveric transplant. A lung transplant is reserved for people who have tried medications, but their conditions haven't sufficiently improved.

Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8556848/

Lung Transplant

Types of lung transplant procedures

  • Single lung
  • Double Lung
  • Bilateral sequential
  • Hurt-Lung Transplant

Lung Transplant


After your lung transplant, you may need to adjust your diet to stay healthy and maintain your body's healthy diet, and exercising regularly helps you avoid complications of high blood pressure, heart disease, control stress, and Cholesterol.

Lung Transplant


  • A lung transplant is a procedure in which a damaged lung is removed and replaced with a healthy human lung from a donor.
  • A deceased donor is normally used, although, in exceptional situations, a portion of the lung might be extracted from a living donor.
  • Lung transplants are not commonly performed in India. This is mostly due to a scarcity of available donors.

If a lung transplant is required
A lung transplant is frequently indicated if:
If a person has a severe lung illness that is not responding to existing treatments, his or her life expectancy is estimated to be less than 2 to 3 years without a transplant.

The following conditions can be addressed with a lung transplant:
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) - is a catch-all name for a variety of lung-damaging illnesses, most of which are caused by smoking.
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease in which the lungs and digestive system get clogged with thick, sticky mucus.
Pneumovascular hypertension is defined as elevated blood pressure in the blood arteries that transport blood from the heart to the lungs.
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis - lung scarring

Lung Transplant

Transplant Types

Lung transplants are classified into three types:
A single lung transplant involves removing a single damaged lung from the recipient and replacing it with a lung from the donor; this is commonly used to treat pulmonary fibrosis, but it is not appropriate for people with cystic fibrosis because the infection will spread from the remaining lung to the donated lung.

A double lung transplant involves removing both lungs and replacing them with two donor lungs; this is often the primary treatment option for persons with cystic fibrosis or COPD.
A heart-lung transplant, in which the heart and both lungs are removed and replaced with a donor heart and lungs, is frequently advised for persons with severe pulmonary hypertension.

The lung transplant surgery

Depending on the intricacy of the procedure, a lung transplant normally takes between 4 and 12 hours to accomplish.
The diseased lungs are removed through an incision in your chest.
Depending on your specific situation, you may be attached to a heart and lung bypass machine to keep your blood flowing during the procedure.
After connecting the donated lungs to the appropriate airways and blood vessels, the chest will be closed.

The lung transplant operation

A lung transplant normally takes between 4 and 12 hours to perform, depending on the intricacy of the procedure.
An incision is created in your chest, and the diseased lungs are removed.
Depending on your specific circumstances, you may be attached to a heart and lung bypass machine to keep your blood circulating during the procedure.
The donated lungs will then be linked to the appropriate airways and blood arteries, and the chest will be closed.

Lung Transplant


A lung transplant is a complicated procedure with a significant risk of complications.
The immune system rejecting the donor's lungs is a regular problem.
As a result, an immunosuppressive medication is administered to decrease the effects on the immune system, lowering the likelihood of rejection.
However, using immunosuppressive medications comes with its own set of hazards since they increase the likelihood of infection.

Lung Transplant

What are the different forms of lung transplants?

Lung transplants are classified into three types:

A single lung transplant was performed. One of your sick or damaged lungs will be removed and replaced with a donated lung by your healthcare specialists.

A double lung transplant was performed. Your lungs will be removed and replaced with donated lungs by your healthcare specialists.

Transplantation of the heart and lungs. Your heart and both lungs will be removed and replaced with a donor heart and lungs by your healthcare specialists.

Lung Transplant

Who is a suitable candidate for lung transplantation?

In general, you are a good candidate for a lung transplant if you meet the following criteria:

  • You have a condition or disease that causes your lungs to malfunction.
  • Medication and other therapies have had no effect on your lungs.
  • If you do not receive a transplant, you have a life expectancy of one to three years.
  • You are not suffering from lung cancer.
  • You do not consume cigarettes.
  • You can use immunosuppressive medications.

Lung Transplant

What is the purpose of a lung transplant?

If you have a lung ailment or damage that hasn't responded to drugs or treatments, your doctor may propose a lung transplant.

Lung Transplant

What occurs prior to a lung transplant?

A complete pre-transplant screening is required prior to a lung transplant. A pre-transplant test is the first step in assessing if a lung transplant is the right treatment for you. A transplant coordinator, a specialized healthcare practitioner, will gather medical information about you and your condition. This data set includes:

  • Your total physical well-being.
  • Your family's medical history.
  • Prescription drugs, particularly blood thinners.
  • CT scans and chest X-rays were taken recently.
  • Blood tests are performed.
  • Tissue type (a test to ensure that your body tissues are compatible with the tissues of the lung donor).
  • Pulmonary function tests are performed.
  • Scan for ventilation perfusion (measures how much blood flows to your lungs and how much air each lung receives).
  • Heart examinations (electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, and cardiac catheterization)
  • Colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy?
  • Bone density examination (DEXA scan).

Lung Transplant

What should I do while waiting for a lung transplant?

Once you've been placed on the lung transplant waiting list, your healthcare specialists will collaborate with you to develop a treatment plan. Your healthcare plan will include the following components:

Changes in lifestyle. You must quit consuming alcohol, especially if you used to consume two or more alcoholic beverages every day. You must also keep a steady weight (or perhaps lose weight if you have obesity).
Medications. Take all medications exactly as directed by your healthcare providers. If another healthcare professional provides antibiotics or alters your steroid doses, notify your transplant coordinator. Inform your transplant coordinator about any OTC drugs you're taking, including herbal supplements. Aspirin, anti-inflammatory medications, and some herbal supplements might raise your risk of bleeding. Exercise routines. Your physical therapist will collaborate with you to create an activity plan. The programme will ensure that you are in peak physical condition before to your transplant. A respiratory therapist will work with you to develop a breathing exercise regimen that will keep your lungs in the best possible condition.
Appointments on a regular basis. Every two to three months, you'll meet with members of your lung transplant team to assess your general health.
Preparation. At any time, a donor lung might become available. It is critical to have a transportation plan in place to get to the hospital. It's also a good idea to prepare an emergency kit with goods that will help you feel more at ease at the hospital. Comfortable clothing, toiletries, and reading materials may be included in your bag.

Lung Transplant

How long does it take to get a lung transplant?

  • A lung transplant is a delicate process that takes a long time to complete. Its duration is determined by whether you require a single or double lung transplant. 
  • A single lung transplant might take anything from four to eight hours.
  • A double lung transplant might take anywhere from six to twelve hours.

Lung Transplant

What are the benefits of having a lung transplant?

A lung transplant improves your overall quality of life. The key benefits of a lung transplant are as follows:

Life expectancy has been extended. Approximately 55% of lung transplant recipients survive at least five years after receiving a lung transplant. Other patients have lived for up to ten and even twenty years.
More power. Many lung transplant recipients have increased energy to engage in normal daily activities. Exercise and other physical activities are examples of activities.
Fertility has been increased. It is safe to become pregnant following a lung transplant. Many women and AFAB report enhanced fertility after having a lung transplant. It's a good idea to chat to your doctor about the hazards of attempting to conceive.A newborn following a lung transplant.

Lung Transplant

What are the risks and problems associated with a lung transplant?

There are several dangers associated with a lung transplant, including:
Surgical dangers. Every surgery has hazards. Anesthesia problems, bleeding, blood clots, undesirable scarring, infection, and mortality are all possible risks.
rejection of a transplant. Your immune system defends your body against outside intruders that might harm it. Bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi are examples of foreign invaders. When your body's immune system assaults your transplanted lungs, this is known as rejection. It perceives the lungs as alien intruders. Transplant rejection is most likely within the first 12 months of surgery (referred to as acute rejection). With additional immunosuppressive drugs, your doctor can nearly always reverse this kind of rejection. Chronic rejection is a type of rejection that can occur in certain persons who are depressed.More than three years have passed since their transplant. If this occurs, it can be extremely difficult to cure and may result in death or the need for another transplant. You must continue to take immunosuppressive medications for the rest of your life. The medications lessen the possibility that your immune system may damage your new lung.
Infection. Immunosuppressive medications reduce or prevent your immune system from rejecting your replacement lung. A weakened immune system, on the other hand, has a difficult time battling infections. While using immunosuppressive medications, you are more likely to acquire serious blood, fungal, skin, and respiratory infections.

Lung Transplant

What symptoms indicate lung transplant rejection?

Several symptoms suggest that your body is rejecting your transplanted lung. Contact your healthcare practitioner right away if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Fever.
  • Gaining weight.
  • Vomiting and nausea.
  • Tiredness.
  • The body hurts.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Sensitivity or discomfort in the vicinity of your transplanted lung.
  • Swelling.

Lung Transplant

How long does it take to recover from a lung transplant?

You must return to the hospital at least three months after you leave for regular treatment, rehabilitation, and monitoring. Physical therapy, blood tests, and imaging tests will be part of your sessions.

After your lung transplant, your incision should heal in two weeks.

Although you will be walking in the hospital and when you leave, it will take six to eight weeks to proceed to other types of mild exercise after the treatment. Your healthcare providers will advise you on this. While exercise is vital for recovery, listening to your body is as essential. If you experience discomfort or agony, take a break and relax. Avoid contact sports and activities that might harm your chest, such as For nearly three months, I played football, baseball, golf, and bowling.

After the operation, you should be ready to drive within six to eight weeks.

Your risk of acute lung transplant rejection should decrease after three to six months, and your lung function should stabilize.

After four to six months, the majority of people return to work or education.

It's critical to realise that your body is one-of-a-kind. Recovery durations and milestones following a lung transplant may vary. It is critical that you follow your doctor's recommendations.

Lung Transplant

Why is Lung Transplant used for Lung Cancer Treatment?

Cancer cells are known for their ability to show metastasis and refrain from contact inhibition that normal cells do. Lung cancer can become a malignant condition that can spread to different parts of the body, including your lungs. The best lung cancer treatment options depend on the stage of the disease and its spread. Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy are some of the common treatments used for lung cancer. However, in some cases, a lung transplant may be used as a treatment option.

Although the lung cancer treatment success rate is dependent on the medical history and condition of the patient, sometimes the transplant becomes imperative for end-stage lung cancer. A lung transplant can improve lung function and quality of life, and increase survival rates for people with advanced lung cancer. Before undergoing a lung transplant, the patient must undergo a thorough evaluation process to determine if they are suitable candidates and analyse the lung cancer treatment cost in India. The evaluation process includes a range of tests, such as physical examinations, blood tests, lung function tests, and imaging studies.

Lung transplant is not a cure for lung cancer, but it can be a viable treatment option for selected patients with end-stage lung cancer. As with any major surgery, there are risks associated with lung transplant, such as infection, rejection of the transplanted organ, and complications related to the use of immunosuppressive medications. The decision to undergo a lung transplant as a treatment option for lung cancer is made on a case-by-case basis, with careful consideration of the patient's overall health, medical history, and other factors.


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