Frequently Asked Questions about PCOS Symptoms & Treatment

PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is one of the most common health issues affecting young girls and women of reproductive age. In India, the condition affects 3.7 to 22.5 per cent of women, often causing complications in conception and overall health. In most cases, the symptoms go unnoticed for years, which can delay the diagnosis and PCOS treatment. Keeping that in mind, we have created this write-up to answer the common queries about the condition to raise awareness among women.

1. What are the symptoms of PCOS? 

The most common symptoms of PCOS include:
  • Irregular periods or missed periods
  • Heavy bleeding during periods
  • Excess hair growth on the face, chest, and back
  • Acne and oily skin
  • Weight gain and difficulty losing weight
  • Dark, thick, velvety skin on the neck, groin, or under the breasts
  • Mood changes, including depression and anxiety

2. What causes PCOS? 

The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but it is believed to be related to an imbalance of hormones, including insulin and androgens. Women with PCOS tend to have higher levels of insulin, which can lead to weight gain and difficulty losing weight. Androgens are male hormones present in women, but in high levels, they can cause excess hair growth and acne.

3. How is PCOS diagnosed? 

PCOS is diagnosed based on symptoms and a physical exam, as well as laboratory tests to measure hormone levels and rule out other conditions. An ultrasound may also be used to confirm the presence of cysts on the ovaries, which are a hallmark of starting PCOS.

4. Can PCOS be treated? 

Yes, PCOS can be treated, although there is no cure. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms and reducing the risk of long-term health complications, such as infertility, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes.

Options for PCOS treatment include:

  • Eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise can help regulate hormone levels, improve insulin sensitivity, and promote weight loss.
  • Hormonal birth control pills can help regulate menstrual cycles, reduce hair growth, and control acne. Metformin, a medication used to treat type 2 diabetes, can also help improve insulin sensitivity and regulate menstrual cycles.
  • In severe cases, surgery to remove the ovaries may be recommended to alleviate symptoms.

5. Can PCOS cause infertility?

The hormonal imbalances associated with PCOS can prevent ovulation, which is necessary for pregnancy. Women with PCOS may also have difficulty conceiving due to irregular menstrual cycles and hormonal imbalances. However, thanks to the advancement in medical science it is treatable through medication, proper diet, and lifestyle changes.  

6. Is PCOS hereditary? 

There is evidence to suggest that PCOS may run in families, but more research is needed to confirm this. It is believed that a combination of genetic and environmental factors contributes to the development of PCOS.

7. Can PCOS be prevented? 

There is no known way to prevent PCOS, but maintaining a healthy weight, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise can help reduce the risk of developing the condition.

On a Concluding Note

The key to preventing PCOS lies in living a healthy life and consulting a medical professional when you notice the symptoms. If you get the diagnosis happens earlier then the side effects remain under control, and you will not have to face any health-related repercussions. For more information on PCOS, you can contact the experts at Ace Medicare. It is a leading healthcare establishment offering quality medical services for 50+ diseases across India, including abortion clinics.