Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery – A Boon to Medical Science!

Is anyone in your family or your friend having coronary artery disease (CAD) and is in need of immediate surgery? Well, before it gets too late, read this article to have a thorough knowledge of the disease so that you can make the right decision regarding the best medical assistance to save the life of your beloved one.

1. Coronary Artery Disease – A threat to the cardiac health
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a fatal disease occurring due to plaque formation in the walls of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart. Over time, plaque formation causes the arterial walls to constrict – a process known as atherosclerosis. According to reports, CAD is the leading cause of cardiovascular mortality globally, accounting for more than 4.5 million deaths. Early diagnosis of the disease can help you with the treatment and reduce the lethality. However, if the pathophysiology is detected at a stage of severity, then coronary artery bypass surgery is the ultimate treatment option.

2. Coronary artery bypass surgery – Everything you need to know

a. The procedure
The invasive surgery includes a Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) that restores blood flow by rerouting arteries from different parts of the body around blockages. The doctor first extracts the healthy blood artery from your leg, arm, or chest and connects it to the clogged arteries in your heart from below and above. The whole procedure which generally takes around 3 to 6 hours, is performed under general anaesthesia.

b. Prerequisites for the surgery
The cardiac surgeons associated with top hospitals will initially prescribe a series of medical examinations like Electrocardiogram, Echocardiogram, and Angiography using X-rays or computed tomography (CT) scans etc. to confirm whether the patient needs the surgery and if so, then whether it is safe for the patient.
c. Possible aftereffects of the surgery
People with other serious health issues, elderly people, and women are prone to developing minor complications such as irregular heartbeat, wound infection, and major consequences like atrial fibrillation, kidney issues, and Delirium after surgery. However, you must not panic if you are in constant touch with your cardiac surgeon.

d. Recuperation time
The recovery period is typically several weeks during which you must avoid any strenuous activities and follow the instructions of your healthcare professional.

e. Difference between coronary artery bypass surgery and angioplasty
If you have more severe CAD, and multiple blockages in your arteries, then your doctor will recommend a coronary artery bypass surgery which requires a longer hospital stay. On the contrary, a healthcare professional recommends an angioplasty for individuals with less severe CAD, and this requires a shorter hospital stay. So, depending on your heart’s condition, the surgeon will recommend a suitable surgical procedure.

Research reveals that coronary artery bypass surgery is the most commonly performed cardiac surgery. Now that you have a brief idea about coronary artery disease and the related surgery, start your online quest today if you or your beloved ones have serious heart problems to avoid any mishap. Visit the websites of top hospitals, go through the profiles of experienced heart surgeons, look for the treatment packages (some healthcare centres provide instant discounts and no-cost EMI facilities) and book your appointment now.