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Colonoscopy With Biopsy

Best Colonoscopy With Biopsy Treatment In India

Related By Gastroenterology

A colonoscopy (koe-lun-OS-kuh-pee) is a procedure that examines the large intestine (colon) and rectum for abnormalities such as bloated, irritating tissues, polyps, or cancer. During a colonoscopy, a long, flexible tube (colonoscope) is inserted into the rectum. A tiny video camera at the tip of the tube allows the doctor to look within the colon. If required, polyps and other abnormal tissue can be removed through the scope during a colonoscopy. During a colonoscopy, tissue samples (biopsies) can also be taken.

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Colonoscopy With Biopsy

What is Colonoscopy ?

  • A colonoscopy, pronounced "koe-lun-OS-kuh-pee," is a procedure that scans the rectum and large intestine for anomalies such as polyps, cancer, or bloated, uncomfortable tissues.
  • If required, during a colonoscopy, abnormal tissue like as polyps can be removed using the scope.
  • During a colonoscopy, tissue samples (biopsies) can also be taken.

Colonoscopy With Biopsy

Complications of a colonoscopy

Colonoscopy is normally risk-free, although there is the possibility of:

Bleeding: If a polyp is removed or a biopsy is performed during the colonoscopy, you may detect blood in your stool for a day or two following the procedure. Serious bleeding is uncommon, but in rare situations, it may require treatment or possibly be life-threatening.

Perforation (puncture the wall of the colon or rectum) (puncture the wall of the colon or rectum): This is an uncommon issue, but it can be fatal, and the hole may need to be corrected surgically.

Anesthesia reactions: Your doctor or nurse should give you precise advice on what sorts of difficulties may necessitate you calling the doctor's office or seeking medical treatment straight away. Make certain you comprehend these instructions.

A colonoscopy has low danger. Complications of a colonoscopy may include:

A response to the sedative used during the test
Bleeding from the location where a tissue sample (biopsy) was collected or a polyp or other diseased tissue was removed
A tear in the colon or rectum wall (perforation)
Your doctor will ask you to sign a consent form after discussing the risks of colonoscopy with you.

Colonoscopy With Biopsy

How do you prepare?

You'll need to wipe out (empty) your colon before having a colonoscopy. Any residue in your colon may make a clear view of your colon and rectum difficult during the exam.

Your doctor may instruct you to perform the following to clear your colon:

The day before the exam, eat a particular diet. The day before the exam, you won't be allowed to eat solid meals. Clear liquids such as water, tea, and coffee without milk or cream, broth, and fizzy beverages may be permitted. Red drinks, which might be mistaken for blood during a colonoscopy, should be avoided. After midnight the night before the exam, you may be unable to eat or drink anything.

Take a laxative: Your doctor will probably prescribe one.I advocate using a prescription laxative, often in big doses in tablet or liquid form. In most cases, you will be told to take the laxative the night before your colonoscopy, or you may be told to take it both the night before and the morning of the operation.

Remind your doctor about your prescriptions at least a week before the exam, especially if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or heart issues, or if you use iron-containing drugs or supplements.

Inform your doctor if you use aspirin or any other blood-thinning drugs, such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven); newer anticoagulants, such as dabigatran (Pradaxa) or rivaroxaban (Xarelto), which are intended to lower the risk of blood clots or stroke; or cardiac drugs, such as clopidogrel, that affect platelets (Plavix).

You may need to alter your doses or temporarily discontinue the drugs.

Colonoscopy With Biopsy

Following the examination

  1. Following the treatment, you will be closely monitored for a period of time to ensure that there are no issues. You may need to stay at the facility for approximately an hour before you can leave, and you will need a transport home due to the medications or anaesthetic you got. In the hours after the test, your doctor or nurse should give you explicit instructions on what you may and cannot do.
  2. Because air is forced into the colon and rectum during the test, you may have bloating, gas pains, or cramping for a short period of time following the test until the air passes out.
  3. If biopsies were performed as part of the operation, the findings are usually accessible.within a few days, while some testing on biopsy samples may take a little longer. To acquire your results, you'll need to follow up with your doctor following the operation.

Colonoscopy With Biopsy

Positive outcome

  • If the doctor discovers any polyps or abnormal tissue in the colon, the colonoscopy is deemed positive.
  • The majority of polyps are not malignant, but some are. Polyps extracted during a colonoscopy are analysed in a laboratory to determine if they are malignant, precancerous, or noncancerous.
  • You may need to follow a more stringent monitoring regimen in the future to search for new polyps, depending on the size and number of polyps.
  • If your doctor discovers one or two polyps less than 0.4 inch (1 centimetre) in diameter, he or she may prescribe a repeat colonoscopy in 7 to 10 years, depending on your other colon cancer risk factors.

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