Best Prostate Cancer Treatment In India
Related By Oncology (Cancer Care)
Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate gland, which is part of the reproductive system in males and those who are born male. Because prostate cancer grows slowly and stays in the gland, many patients prefer active monitoring (no treatment). Radiation and surgery are standard therapies for malignancies that develop quickly and spread.
What exactly is prostate cancer?
What are the different forms of prostate cancer?
- Carcinomas of the small cell type.
- Transitional cell carcinomas are cancers of the transitional cells.
- Tumors of the neuroendocrine system.
What is the prevalence of prostate cancer?
What signs and symptoms of prostate cancer are there?
- Need to pee frequently, sometimes urgently, especially at night.
- Weak urine flow or intermittent flow.
- When you pee, you may experience pain or burning (dysuria).
- bladder control problems (urinary incontinence).
- Bowel control problems (fecal incontinence)
- Erectile dysfunction and painful ejaculation (PE)
- Blood in sperm or urine (hematospermia).
- You are experiencing pain in your low back, hip, or chest.
Are prostate issues always indicative of prostate cancer?
What is the cause of prostate cancer?
What are the prostate cancer risk factors?
- Having a BMI greater than 30 (having obesity).
- Infections spread through sexual contact (STIs).
- Agent Orange exposure (a chemical used during the Vietnam War).
How is prostate cancer identified?
What is the management or treatment of prostate cancer?
- Specific techniques were employed.
Open radical prostatectomy:
- Your provider removes your prostate gland with a single cut (incision) in your abdomen, from your belly button to your pubic bone. This procedure is not as frequent as less invasive procedures such as robotic prostatectomy.
- Robotic radical prostate surgery: Robotic radical prostatectomy enables your doctor to to do surgery through multiple small incisions. Instead of operating directly, they use a console to control a robot system.
- Radiation treatment
- Radiation therapy can be used alone or in conjunction with other therapies to treat prostate cancer. Radiation can also relieve symptoms.
- Brachytherapy is a type of internal radiation therapy that includes implanting radioactive seeds within your prostate. This method eliminates cancer cells while leaving healthy tissue alone.
- External beam radiation treatment (EBRT) involves the use of a machine to send powerful X-ray beams directly to the tumour. Specialized EBRT techniques, such as IMRT, can deliver high doses of radiation to the tumour while preserving healthy tissue.
- Systemic treatments
- If cancer has progressed beyond your prostate gland, your doctor may offer systemic therapy.Systemic treatments deliver chemicals throughout your body to destroy or inhibit the development of cancer cells.
- The hormone testosterone promotes the development of cancer cells. Hormone treatment employs drugs to counteract the effect of testosterone in promoting cancer cell development. The drugs act by either blocking testosterone from reaching cancer cells or by lowering testosterone levels.
- Alternatively, your doctor may advise you to have your testicles removed (orchiectomy) so that they can no longer produce testosterone. People who do not wish to take drugs might choose for this operation.
- Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. If your cancer has gone beyond your prostate, you may be treated with chemotherapy alone or in combination with hormone treatment.
- Immunotherapy enhances your immune system, making it more capable of identifying and combating cancer cells.Immunotherapy may be recommended by your doctor to treat advanced cancer or recurring cancer (cancer that goes away but then returns).
- Therapy with a specific goal: To prevent cancer cells from developing and proliferating, targeted treatment focuses on the genetic alterations (mutations) that transform healthy cells into cancer cells. Prostate cancer targeted medicines kill cancer cells with BRCA gene abnormalities.
- Focused treatment
- Focal therapy is a novel type of treatment that eliminates cancers within your prostate. If your cancer is low-risk and hasn't spread, your doctor may offer this therapy. Many of these therapies are currently being tested.
- High-intensity sound waves produce intense heat, which kills cancer cells in the prostate.
- Cold gases are used to freeze cancer cells in your prostate, killing them.Laser ablation: Directing intense heat to the tumour destroys cancer cells within your prostate, eliminating it.
- Medications make cancer cells more receptive to certain light wavelengths. Cancer cells are killed when they are exposed to certain light wavelengths by a healthcare professional.
What are the risks associated with prostate cancer treatment?
How can I avoid getting prostate cancer?
- Get frequent prostate exams. Inquire with your doctor about how frequently you should be checked based on your risk factors.
- Keep a healthy weight. Inquire with your doctor about what a healthy weight means for you.
- Exercise on a regular basis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise every week, or little more than 20 minutes per day.
- Consume a well-balanced diet. Although there is no single diet that helps prevent cancer, excellent eating habits can enhance your general health. Consume fruits and vegetables, as well as whole grains. Red meat and processed meals should be avoided.
- Stop smoking. Tobacco products should be avoided. If you smoke, consult with your provider to develop a smoking cessation programme.