Best Valve Replacement Surgery Treatment In India
Related By Cardiology (Heart Care)
Aortic valve repair and replacement are treatments for a damaged or diseased aortic valve. The aortic valve is one of four valves in the heart that govern blood flow. It connects the lower left heart chamber (left ventricle) to the main artery of the body (aorta). When the heart contracts (squeezes), the aortic valve opens, allowing blood to flow from the left ventricle into the aorta. The aortic valve shuts as the heart relaxes to prevent blood from flowing backward. An aortic valve that is sick or damaged can obstruct blood flow and compel the heart to work harder to deliver blood to the rest of the body. Aortic valve repair or replacement can increase blood flow, alleviate symptoms of heart valve illness, and extend life.
About Heart Valve Surgery
Biological valves often eventually need to be replaced, as they break down over time,
Types of heart valve surgery
- Valve replacement surgery to remove the faulty valve and replace it with a biological (pig, cow, or human tissue) or mechanical (metal or carbon) valve.
- All valve replacements are biocompatible, which means your immune system won’t reject your new valve.
- Valve repair surgery fixes the damaged or faulty valve, while preserving much of the person’s own tissue.
- The mitral valve is the most commonly repaired valve, but repair surgery can treat problems with the aortic and tricuspid valves.
Symptoms of Valve Replacement Surgery
- You may have been born with a valve problem or developed a leak, stiffness, or narrowing in your valve.
- You’ll most likely need treatment for heart valve disease if you’re having symptoms like Chest pain.
- Difficulty breathing. Fainting.
When should the aortic valve be replaced?
- The valve is constricted (aortic stenosis) - the opening of the valve shrinks, restricting the blood flow out of the heart. The valve is leaky (aortic regurgitation) - the valve enables blood to flow back into the heart.
- If left untreated, the abnormalities can worsen over time and, in severe cases, lead to life-threatening conditions such as heart failure.
- Because there are no medications to address aortic valve disorders, replacing the valve will be advised if you are at risk of major consequences but otherwise fit for surgery.
Learn more about why aortic valve replacements are performed.
- Aortic valve replacement is performed under general anesthesia.
- This means you will be unconscious during the procedure and will not experience any discomfort.
- Throughout the procedure:
- A large cut (incision) about 25cm long is made in your chest to access your heart - although a smaller cut may be used occasionally your heart is stopped and a heart-lung (bypass) machine is used to take over the job of your heart during the operation the damaged or faulty valve is removed and replaced with the new one your heart is restarted and the opening in your chest is closed
- The procedure normally takes a few hours.
- You will consult with your doctor or surgeon.
Getting well after an aortic valve replacement
Possible issues include
- Infection - wound infections, lung infections, bladder infections, and heart valve infections are all possible (endocarditis). Antibiotics may be used to lessen this risk.
- Excessive bleeding - tubes may be placed into your chest to drain the blood, and more surgery may be required to halt the bleeding.
- Clots in the blood are more prevalent if you have had a mechanical valve replacement. If you are in danger, you will be given anticoagulant medication.
- Stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) - a condition in which the blood supply to the brain is cut off.
- The valve may wear out; this is especially prevalent in those who have had a biological valve replacement for a long time.
- Aortic valve replacement is a major procedure that, like any other form of surgery, bears potential consequences.
- The following are some of the most serious hazards associated with aortic valve replacement:
- Infections of the incision, lungs, bladder, or heart valve
- A temporary erratic heartbeat (arrhythmia) impaired renal function for a few days.
- The risk of death with an aortic valve replacement is about 2%, which is substantially lower than the danger of leaving severe aortic valve issues untreated.
- Most persons who survive surgery have a normal life expectancy.
- Learn more about the risks associated with aortic valve replacement.
- The most effective therapy for aortic valve problems is aortic valve replacement.
- Alternative techniques are normally employed only when open heart surgery is too dangerous.
- Among the choices are:
- Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) - instead of a major incision in the chest, the replacement valve is guided into place through blood arteries.
- The aortic valve Sutureless aortic valve replacement - the valve is not secured using stitches (sutures) to reduce time spent on a heart-lung machine. balloon valvuloplasty - the valve is widened using a balloon sutureless aortic valve replacement - the valve is not secured using stitches (sutures) to reduce time spent on a heart-lung machine.
Learn more about aortic valve replacement alternatives.