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Best PCOS-PCOD Treatment In India

Related By Gynaecology

PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is mostly caused by a hormonal imbalance and hereditary predisposition. Each month, the two ovaries alternately release mature, ready-to-fertilize eggs in a typical menstrual cycle. However, in the case of PCOD, the ovaries frequently produce immature or only partially-mature eggs, which can grow into cysts (little sacs filled with liquid).

This causes the ovaries to expand and become enormous. Normally, the ovaries release a limited amount of androgens (male hormones) during the cycle; however, in this case, the ovaries begin producing androgens in excess, resulting in symptoms such as male pattern hair loss, abdominal weight gain, irregular periods, and, in some extreme cases, infertility.

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What are the signs and symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome?

Here is a PCOS symptom checklist:

Irregular menstruation refers to missed periods or not having a period at all. Heavy bleeding during periods is also possible.
Excessive facial hair and excessive hair growth on the arms, chest, and belly are examples of abnormal hair growth (hirsutism). This affects up to 70% of PCOS women.
Acne: Acne can be caused by PCOS, particularly on the back, chest, and face. This acne may persist throughout adolescence and be difficult to cure.
Obesity: Approximately 80% of women with PCOS are overweight or obese, and have difficulty shedding weight.
Darkening of the skin: Dark patches of skin, particularly in the creases of your neck, armpits, and groyne (between the thighs).and beneath the breasts. This is referred to as acanthosis nigricans.
Cysts: Small pockets of fluid in the ovaries are common in women with PCOS.
Skin tags: These are little flaps of excess skin. In women with PCOS, they are frequently detected in the armpits or on the neck.
Hair loss: People with PCOS may lose patches of hair on their heads or go bald.
Infertility: The most prevalent cause of female infertility is PCOS. Inability to conceive can be caused by a decrease in frequency or a lack of ovulation.

What exactly causes polycystic ovarian syndrome?


PCOS's actual etiology is uncertain. There is evidence that genetics is involved. Other variables that contribute to PCOS include:

Increased amounts of male hormones known as androgens: High androgen levels inhibit the ovaries' ability to release eggs (ovulation), resulting in irregular menstrual periods. Irregular ovulation can also result in the formation of tiny, fluid-filled sacs in the ovaries. Acne and excessive hair growth are also symptoms of high androgen levels in women.

Insulin resistance occurs when insulin levels rise, causing the ovaries to produce and release male hormones (androgens). Increased male hormones suppress ovulation and contribute to other PCOS symptoms. Insulin aids your body's digestion and use of glucose (sugar). Insulin resistance indicates that your The body does not digest insulin appropriately, resulting in excessive blood glucose levels. Although not all people with insulin resistance have high blood sugar or diabetes, insulin resistance can lead to diabetes. Obesity that is overweight can also lead to insulin resistance. Even if your blood glucose is normal, a high insulin level might suggest insulin resistance.

Persistent low-grade inflammation: People with PCOS are prone to chronic low-grade inflammation. Blood tests can be performed by your healthcare practitioner to detect levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cells, which can indicate the degree of inflammation in your body.

  • Genetic factors Heredity
  • Excessive male hormones (androgens)
  •  Low-grade inflammation
  • Unhealthy diet
  • And an irregular sleep cycle.
  • Excessive body weight/obesity
  • Abdominal infection or inflammation
  • Excess insulin
  • Urban predispositionFactors of genetic origin
  • Male hormones in excess (androgens)
  • Unhealthy dietary habits
  • Sleep cycles are less and less erratic.
  • Obesity/excess body weight
  • Infection or inflammation of the abdomen
  • Insulin overdose
  • A preference towards cities

Types of Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Imbalanced hormones Polycystic ovaries Multiple small fluid-filled cysts on the ovaries.

About Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder of the ovaries among women it is a metabolic disorder and is commonly found at reproductive age. PCOD/PCOS may have characterized by three things-

Can I have PCOS without showing any symptoms?

Yes, it is possible to have PCOS without experiencing any symptoms. Many people are unaware they have the illness until they have difficulty becoming pregnant or gain weight for inexplicable reasons. It's also possible to have moderate PCOS, in which the symptoms aren't severe enough to warrant your attention

  • Periodic irregularities (early, scanty, heavy, or delayed)
  • Excessive acne and oily skin
  • Rapid weight gain
  • Weight loss is difficult.
  • Excessive hair growth on the body
  • Baldness at the crown of the head
  • Facial hair growth Constant exhaustion and sleepiness
  • Mood fluctuations that are frequent and intense

Whether you want PCOS treatment for the unmarried or are suffering from PCOD problems after marriage and want an effective treatment alternative, ensure to go to professionals for remedial actions.


Diagnosis


Ultrasound imaging tests can provide a good picture of the enlarged ovaries and the numerous cysts on their walls.
Hormone levels, fasting cholesterol, glucose tolerance, and triglyceride levels are all measured in blood.
Clinical tests like olechomo and aneroia
LH, FSH, and Prolactin levels are examples of chemical markers.

Prevention

Surprisingly, the prevention and cure of PCOD are quite similar, namely, changing to healthier eating habits and keeping a healthy body weight and BMI.
Some crucial elements to remember are:
Tune your body to a clock: Get up, eat, and sleep at regular intervals. Choose a time that works for you and then train your body to follow that schedule. This would assist your body in producing the appropriate hormones at the appropriate moment.
It's as easy as that: eat fresh and local. To enhance the shelf life of anything that comes in a packet or arrives from afar, various preservatives and chemicals are added. While extending the shelf life of food is a nice concept, it is borderline harmful.

What is the PCOD issue?

PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is a medical disorder in which the woman's ovaries generate a significant number of immature or partially developed eggs, which develop into cysts in the ovaries over time. As a result, the ovaries enlarge and emit an excessive quantity of male hormones (androgens), resulting in infertility, irregular menstrual periods, hair loss, and abnormal weight gain. PCOD can be managed with dietary and lifestyle changes.

Who is susceptible to PCOS?

A woman can get PCOS at any age following puberty. Most people are diagnosed in their twenties or thirties while attempting to conceive. If you are overweight or obese, or if other members of your family have PCOS, you are more likely to get it.


How prevalent is PCOS?

PCOS is highly common, affecting up to 15% of women of reproductive age.

What is the treatment for polycystic ovarian syndrome?

Treatment will be determined by your healthcare practitioner depending on your symptoms, medical history, and other health issues, as well as your desire to become pregnant. Medication, lifestyle modifications, or a mix of the two can be used as treatments.

Treatment options if you do not intend to become pregnant include:

Hormonal birth control methods are an effective PCOS problem treatment method. They include tablets, patches, injections, a vaginal ring, and an intrauterine device (IUD). Hormonal birth control aids in the regulation of your menstrual cycle, the treatment of acne, and the prevention of excessive hair growth.

Insulin-sensitizing drugs: Metformin is a diabetic medication. It helps by assisting your body's insulin processing. Some PCOS patients report improved menstrual periods after managing their insulin.levels as a PCOS treatment for pregnancy.

androgen-blocking medications: Some PCOS treatment medications can counteract the effects of androgens. This aids in the treatment of acne and hair growth caused by PCOS. Consult your doctor to see whether they are appropriate for you.
Changes in lifestyle: Weight loss and a balanced diet can have a favorable impact on insulin levels.

If you wish to get pregnant now or in the future, PCOS treatment includes:

Drugs that cause ovulation (the release of an egg): Ovulation is the first step toward a successful pregnancy. Certain medications have been shown to stimulate ovulation in PCOS women. Clomiphene and letrozole are taken orally, whereas gonadotropins are administered intravenously.

Ovarian drilling is a surgical treatment that can induce ovulation by removing regions in the ovaries that produce androgen hormones. With the availability of newer drugs, surgeons now seldom conduct this surgery.

In vitro fertilization (IVF): In a laboratory, your egg is fertilized with your partner's sperm before being transported to your uterus. When medicine does not assist with ovulation, this is an option for women with PCOS.

PCOS Self-care
It is distressing to know that the prevalence of PCOS is high among Indian women. The incidence of PCOS in Indian women was close to 10% according to the Rotterdam’s and AES criteria, while it was 5.8% using NIH criteria.


PCOS can lead to a range of symptoms including irregular periods, acne, weight gain, and fertility issues. If you want to avoid these staggering figures and live a life free from PCOS/PCOD, here are some PCOS self-care tips to follow:

  • Eat a balanced diet: A healthy diet can help manage insulin resistance, which is often associated with PCOS. A balanced diet should include whole grains, fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy fats.
  • Exercise regularly: Exercise can help manage weight and improve insulin sensitivity. It's recommended to engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week.
  • Manage stress: Stress can exacerbate PCOS symptoms. It's important to practice stress-reducing activities such as meditation, yoga, or deep breathing.
  • Get enough sleep: Sleep deprivation can lead to increased insulin resistance and weight gain. Aim for at least 7-8 hours of sleep per night.
  • Stay hydrated: Drinking enough water can help flush out toxins and improve digestion.
  • Take medications as prescribed: Medications such as birth control pills, metformin, and anti-androgens may be prescribed to manage PCOS symptoms. It's important to take them as prescribed by a healthcare provider.
  • Seek support: PCOS can be a challenging condition to manage. Joining a support group or speaking with a healthcare provider can provide emotional support and help with proper planning for PCOS symptoms and treatment.
If you notice any of the PCOS symptoms, reach out to a licensed healthcare professionals to consult about PCOS symptoms and treatment. They can provide you with a step-by-step PCOS treatment plan and aid you throughout your recovery journey.


Can I conceive if I have PCOS?

If you have PCOS, you can get pregnant. PCOS can make it difficult to conceive as well as increase your risk of certain pregnancy issues. Your healthcare physician will collaborate with you to create a treatment plan to assist you in ovulating. Medication or assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF may be part of your treatment strategy (In Vitro Fertilization).

Speak with your doctor to ensure you understand your treatment plan and how you may improve your chances of having a healthy and successful pregnancy.

What hormones influence PCOS?

PCOS is characterized by a hormonal imbalance that interrupts the menstrual cycle, ovulation, and, potentially, pregnancy. These hormones work as a complex web in the female reproductive system, which is strongly reliant on its equilibrium. The following hormones are involved in PCOS:

  • Androgens (such testosterone and androstenedione) (like testosterone and androstenedione).
  • Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  • FSH is a follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).
  • Estrogen.
  • Progesterone.
  • Insulin.

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